UN resolution on the militarization of Crimea through the eyes of Ukrainian analysts
UN General Assembly Rejects Crimea Annexation
The resolution, supported by 63 countries, calls for Russia to immediately, completely and unconditionally withdraw its troops from Crimea
The UN General Assembly at a meeting on December 7 supported the draft of a strengthened resolution of Ukraine on the issue of the Russian militarization of Crimea.
As Ukraine’s Permanent Representative to the UN Serhiy Kislitsa said in an exclusive commentary to the Voice of America Ukrainian Service, the vote showed positive dynamics for Ukraine..
“Despite the complication and strengthening of the text of the resolution (it is becoming more substantive), Ukraine has not lost a single vote. For example, all 27 members of the European Union, the USA, Canada voted “for”, ”the words of Kislitsa are quoted in the material..
This is the third resolution of the UN General Assembly, which is dedicated to the transformation of Crimea into a military base for Russia. As the Internet resource Crimea.Realii recalled, after the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Russia conducts regular military exercises on the peninsula and in the Black Sea, and also imports military equipment, in particular, air defense systems..
The General Staff of Ukraine emphasizes the illegality of the actions of the Russian military in Crimea.
According to Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba, the current resolution is a new element of the growing legal pressure on Russia..
“The resolution condemns the temporary Russian occupation of Crimea and notes that such an occupation poses a threat to international security. The resolution confirms that the occupation is illegal; that it is a violation of international law; and the occupied territories should be immediately returned under the control of Ukraine, “the statement of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine on the occasion of the adoption on December 7 by the UN General Assembly of the resolution” The problem of militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine, as well as parts of the Black and Azov Seas “.
Dmitry Kuleba notes that the current resolution contains a number of key elements.
“The resolution… notes that, first, the Russian occupation is damaging the security and arms control architecture. Secondly, the Russian occupation violates the stability of the international regimes of verification and arms control – the Open Skies Treaty, the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, the Vienna Document 2011 on Confidence and Security Measures, ”the minister explains..
As the head of the Foreign Ministry of Ukraine emphasizes, the resolution states that “Russia has moved to the territory of Crimea weapons capable of carrying nuclear warheads.”.
The Ukrainian Ministry for the Reintegration of the Occupied Territories quotes the paragraphs of the UN General Assembly resolution, which call for Russia to “immediately, completely and unconditionally withdraw its armed forces from Crimea and immediately end the temporary occupation of the territory of Ukraine.”.
The resolution “condemns the growing military presence of the Russian Federation in the regions of the Black and Azov Seas, including the Kerch Strait,” and points out “all further consequences from this, including the progressive militarization of Crimea by the Russian Federation as an occupying state.”.
According to TASS, Russia’s First Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN Dmitry Polyansky argued during the meeting that such initiatives of the Ukrainian side are futile. “Today’s vote will not affect the decision of the Crimeans in any way,” the Russian diplomat said..
According to Polyansky, “the sooner Ukraine realizes the futility of attempts to return the Crimeans against their will, the better for it”.
The text of the UN General Assembly resolution was supported by 63 countries, 17 – opposed, 62 – abstained. TASS notes that among those who voted against, in addition to Russia, were Belarus, Armenia, China, Serbia, Kyrgyzstan, Iran, North Korea and Venezuela.
Security challenges – not only in the Black Sea
Chairman of the Board of the East European Security Research Initiative Foundation Maxim Khilko believes that Russia’s militarization of Crimea is a threat not only to the security of Ukraine, but to the entire Black Sea region.
“We saw how Russia used military capabilities in Crimea to conduct the Syrian campaign, and the new UN resolution focuses the attention of the international community that the problem of the occupation of the peninsula is not a problem of bilateral relations, it is a problem and a threat for the entire region,” Khilko told the Russian Voice of America service.
The expert notes that international efforts on the “Crimean problem”, as well as the Crimean platform created by the Ukrainian government, allow raising negotiations and discussions on the illegal annexation of the peninsula “to a new level”.
“These initiatives sharpen the attention of the world community to solving the problem as a whole. Obviously, the effects of these efforts can be expected in the long term, ”says Maxim Khilko.
Support for the Ukrainian position is growing
International political scientist Victoria Zakrevskaya stresses that this resolution gives Ukraine an opportunity to intensify the problem of Crimea and keep this issue on the international agenda.
“The resolution on the Crimean issue was supported by the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany and other countries. More than sixty countries. If we look at the resolutions of the UN General Assembly on Crimea in previous years, we will see that the number of countries that have voted is increasing, “Zakrevskaya said in an interview with the Voice of America Russian Service..
In her opinion, the attention of world leaders to the Crimean problem is not waning, which confirms the effectiveness of the policy aimed at bringing the Kremlin to the negotiating table..
“We see that Russia is not very actively showing a desire to discuss either the Crimea or Donbass issue – this resolution, by bringing the issue to the level of discussion within the framework of international security, puts pressure on Moscow,” Zakrevskaya notes..
The political scientist emphasizes: the UN resolution “raises the security register”, drawing the attention of the international community to the militarization of Crimea and the actual transformation of the occupied peninsula into a military base for Russia.