Ukraine will host the summit of the Crimean platform
The organizers expect to create an international toolkit for the de-occupation of Crimea and the protection of the rights of Ukrainians in Crimea&# 160;
KIEV – Ukraine will hold a summit on August 23, 2021 «Crimean platform», in which the participation of leaders of foreign states is planned. This was announced by the Deputy Head of the Office of the President of Ukraine Igor Zhovkva in an interview with TSN.ua, the website of the head of the republic reports on January 18.
«The date of the Crimean summit has already been clearly defined – August 23, 2021. The president’s office works together with the Foreign Ministry to prepare appropriate invitations to world leaders, the corresponding concept, the summit program, organizational issues», – said Igor Zhovkva.
He noted that at the summit «Crimean platform» it is necessary to make specific decisions on the de-occupation of the peninsula.
«We are not holding a summit for the sake of a summit. We do not need to hold a summit and forget this topic again. Therefore, after the summit, there should obviously appear a declaration, and more importantly – a coordinated international toolkit for the de-occupation of Crimea and the protection of the rights of Ukrainians in Crimea», – noted the deputy head of the President’s Office.
Igor Zhovkva stressed that the summit will be associated with the celebrations of the 30th anniversary of Ukraine’s independence.
According to him, President Volodymyr Zelensky, during telephone conversations with leaders of foreign states, invites them to participate in these events..
«Looking forward to a wide international presence in these two days», – said the Deputy Head of the Office of the Head of Ukraine.
According to the press service of the President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelenskyy had a telephone conversation with Federal Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel on January 15. He «invited Germany to join the international platform for the de-occupation of Crimea, and also invited Angela Merkel to visit Kiev on the occasion of the thirtieth anniversary of Ukraine’s independence».
As a reminder, last week the European Court of Human Rights began considering the case on its merits. «Ukraine vs Russia» (across Crimea).
«The case has several important aspects at once, legal: we step by step prove by court decisions the facts of aggression and criminal behavior of the Russian Federation on the territory of our state. Court decisions – these are not political statements. Sooner or later, such decisions will have legal consequences for the top officials of the aggressor country.», – noted on January 14, Minister of Justice Denis Malyuska on his Facebook page.
The ruling of the European Court of Human Rights noted that the claims filed by Ukraine against Russia regarding systematic violations of human rights in Crimea were found to be partially admissible..
«The court considers itself ineligible to decide whether, according to Russian law, the incorporation of Crimea into Russia was lawful from the point of view of international law.», – said in a press release from the ECHR.
The UN General Assembly, at a meeting on December 7, 2020, supported the draft strengthened resolution of Ukraine on the Russian militarization of Crimea. «The resolution condemns the Russian temporary occupation of Crimea and notes that such an occupation poses a threat to international security», Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba told the press.
To the summit – legislative changes
Head of the Crimean Human Rights Group Olga Skripnik notes that Ukraine needs to implement three legislative initiatives by the time of the summit «Crimean platform».
«Questions to Ukrainian politics, if we go to the organization of a certain negotiating platform where the issues of sanctions and pressure on Russia will be discussed, then Ukrainian legislation and policy itself should meet these objectives», – Olga Skripnik says to the correspondent of the Russian Service «Voices of America».
According to her, the law on the free economic zone «Crimea», laws on sanctions and social protection of political prisoners – three priorities in which changes and innovations are needed.
«We talk a lot about the protection of political prisoners, their release, but, alas, lately there have been no exchanges with the participation of Crimean political prisoners. The President publicly supported the initiative to introduce a bill on social protection for those who were deprived of their freedom by Russia for political reasons, but 2020 is over, such a law has not been adopted in parliament, although we demand protection for political prisoners at all international platforms», – notes Olga Skripnik.
She notes that in the seventh year of the war and the occupation of Crimea in Ukraine, there is no comprehensive legislation on the issue of sanctions against Russia.
«In the international arena, when we have a law on a free economic zone «Crimea» it is very difficult to explain to representatives of diplomatic missions why we have privileges for certain businesses, why this law violates human rights and creates discrimination in relation to citizens of Ukraine who remained in the occupation or are trying to leave the occupied territory», – emphasizes Olga Skripnik.
Negotiations and political initiative
Internet Community Leader «Ukraine – the weight! Prospects and development», political scientist Dmitry Voronkov notes that the creation of a negotiation format for discussing the situation with the occupation of Crimea – more a political PR platform than a real solution to the problem, since it does not provide for any mechanisms of influence, except for sanctions. And sanctions pressure on Russia is carried out without this negotiation format, the political scientist believes.
«We have absolutely no method of influencing Crimea or Crimeans. Some actions, decisions of the ECHR on «the Crimean issue» cause a resonance and intensify the Crimean problem in the international format. But at the same time, there is a legal conflict: international institutions, courts are discussing humanitarian decisions on Crimea, but one of the main issues remains unresolved – there is no international legal decision (assessment) on the legality of Russia’s annexation of Crimea», – says Dmitry Voronkov to the correspondent of the Russian Service «Voices of America».
Ukraine, according to him, for seven years focused on Donbass, during this time Russia not only annexed Crimea, but also created conditions for «complicating the legal assessment of the fact of occupation».
We are talking, first of all, about Russian passportization and resettlement of indigenous Russians to Crimea for permanent residence. «It’s good that in a negotiated format «Crimean platform» the United States will participate, Turkey will also support this project, but so far this is nothing more than a political dialogue, without assessing the prospects for the de-occupation of Crimea», – emphasizes Dmitry Voronkov.