Ukraine will celebrate the Day of Resistance to the occupation of Crimea and Sevastopol
Ukraine 2014 | Vladimir Putin Announces Crimea Annexation | The New York Times
President Volodymyr Zelenskyy signed a relevant decree and promised to return the national flag to the annexed peninsula
KIEV – A national date is being introduced in Ukraine – the Day of Resistance to the Occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol. This was announced by the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky on February 26 during the opening of the Age of Crimea 2020 forum.
The head of the Ukrainian state recalled that on this day, six years ago, the largest meeting in support of the integrity and unity of Ukraine was held in Simferopol..
“Noting the courage and heroism of all the participants in the rally, today I am signing a decree on the Day of Resistance to the Occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol.” This day will be celebrated annually on February 26 “, – said the President of Ukraine, according to his press service..
President Volodymyr Zelenskyy noted that the return of Crimea to Ukraine is not only his goal as a leader of the state, but also the position of a citizen.
“This is not only our common dream. This is the guarantee of security on the planet. This is the restoration of faith. Belief in international law and justice, “he said.
The President stressed that the international community supports Ukraine in its struggle for the return of Crimea.
“The Ukrainians are completely united here. Therefore, the return of Crimea is an indisputable part of our national idea, “the president is convinced..
Volodymyr Zelenskyy expressed confidence that the day will come when Ukrainian athletes and artists will perform in Crimea again, and the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people will return to its legal building in Simferopol.
“All this will definitely be there. And the whole world is interested in this. Because the full end of the war will take place in the Donbass. And a full-fledged peace will come in Crimea, “Volodymyr Zelenskyy noted..
The demarcation line will be equipped
The President noted that the Ukrainian government will do everything to raise the blue and yellow flag over Crimea again. But there are things that can and should be done today..
“First of all, this is the support of citizens who live in Crimea or have a Crimean registration,” he said..
He also promised to equip the entrances to the annexed territory..
“It should be a comfortable, safe, well-lit country, with normal roads and, sorry, with working toilets. That is why we paid such attention to the arrangement of comfortable entry / exit checkpoints. And we did it. At the same time, despite their attractiveness, I want to emphasize: these are temporary structures. In addition, the state, together with SOCAR, will open a large hub at Chongar to serve citizens by the end of the year. There will be a full-fledged Center for the provision of administrative services, a recreation area and other important facilities, “Volodymyr Zelenskyy said..
The leader of the Crimean Tatar people Mustafa Dzhemilev thanked the president for the initiative to sign the decree. He noted that the text of the decree was proposed by almost a third of the parliamentary corps from all parliamentary factions.
Indicators of changes on the “Crimean issue”
Political scientist Oleksandr Solontay believes that today’s statements about Crimea can be called the real beginning of “strengthening the Ukrainian policy of de-occupation of Crimea.”.
“Indicators confirming changes can be implemented on a practical plane. We need comprehensive programs – in the field of higher education for applicants of the peninsula and for work on the territory of Ukraine, rules for trade and movement of goods and people on the contact line, to achieve investments in the region: Changar, Arabatskaya Strelka, Kherson region as a whole, ”says Alexander Solontay to the correspondent of the Russian service “Voice of America”.
He emphasizes that there is no need to wait for practical steps to de-occupy the peninsula for years: repairing roads, creating highways and access roads to Crimea can begin in spring-summer this year..
“According to various analytical centers that deal with the problems of Crimea, today there are all prerequisites to start doing something that can, figuratively speaking,“ feel with your hands ”. Although some problems cannot be solved quickly, some may be indicators of intensified work in the Crimean direction in the spring and summer of this year, in order to return to this issue in the fall – what was February 26, 2020? Just declarations, or the beginning of serious work on Crimea “, – says Alexander Solontay.
Blue-yellow flag in Crimea – rhetoric of 2014
Aleksey Kurpas, a political scientist and expert at the Fabrika Media political consulting agency, notes that the “Crimean issue” has returned to the international agenda after the United States extended the sanctions list for companies associated with Crimea..
At the same time, he believes that the Crimean problem is a rather powerful lever in the Minsk negotiation process..
“As soon as one of the parties begins to behave rather uncompromisingly, the other begins to tease her with Crimea. Ukraine has declared very loudly on the Crimean issue. For the Kremlin, this is quite a biting blow, the Russian president reacts painfully to any issues related to Crimea, ”says Alexey Kurpas to the correspondent of the Russian service “Voice of America”.
He believes that Ukraine can pursue a tough policy regarding the occupation of the peninsula, and in the next few years strengthen the international coalition on the “Crimean issue”.
“The most effective step of the president’s team for the return of Crimea is in the economy.
To do everything for peace to come in the country, and not to continue the war. Because it is unrealistic to raise the country’s economy without external investment. Ukraine needs serious investors, the country needs peace, Crimea needs an example of a successful Ukraine. In the meantime, business is afraid to invest in a belligerent country, ”emphasizes Aleksey Kurpas.
Declarative intentions for Crimea
Expert on international relations Anton Kuchukhidze believes that Ukraine has not yet formed a strategy for the return of Crimea due to objective and subjective reasons..
“By virtue of objective reasons, Russia is blocking the process of returning Crimea. And subjective – we have not agreed with our international partners in what format we will discuss the return of Crimea, ”says Anton Kuchukhidze to the correspondent of the Russian service “Voice of America”.
He calls the statements of the leader of Ukraine on the return of sovereignty to the annexed territory political declarations, which at the moment have not been confirmed by concrete actions..
“But such declarations should be made by the guarantor of the Constitution and territorial integrity – the President of Ukraine. He cannot forget about his citizens illegally arrested in Crimea. These declarations should be. But at the same time, a strategy for the return of Crimea should be implemented. At least at the level of international commissions, Ukraine should be able to collect information on the peninsula, meet with people transported from Crimea to other regions, ”emphasizes Anton Kuchukhidze.
In order for negotiations with Russia on the “Crimean issue” to be meaningful and confident, Ukraine needs to enlist the support of the United States and the European Union, the expert notes..
“But first we will have to resolve the issue of Donbass, and then Crimea. Although both of these processes can run in parallel. On the legal plane, it is necessary to maintain constant pressure on Russia so that it does not infringe on the rights of our citizens on the peninsula, ”says Anton Kuchukhidze.
And the Kremlin is against
The establishment in Ukraine of the “Day of Resistance to the Occupation of Crimea and Sevastopol” does not reflect the real state of affairs and the reasons why the Crimeans decided to reunite with Russia. On February 26, the press secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov told reporters about this, TASS reports..
“The reaction [of the Kremlin to this decree] is completely understandable, I think the best reaction can be given by the Crimeans themselves, who will tell what was the reason for the decision of Crimea to reunite with the Russian Federation,” Dmitry Peskov said..
“We categorically disagree with this wording [of Kiev], we believe that this in no way corresponds to the actual state of affairs around Crimea,” the Kremlin spokesman stressed, TASS notes.