President Volodymyr Zelenskyy spoke in favor of reducing the composition of the Verkhovna Rada
President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy made a statement in the Verkhovna Rada
Ukraine intends to expand opportunities for democracy with the help of the law on referendums&# 160;
KIEV – The parliamentary corps of the unicameral Verkhovna Rada in the future may be reduced by one third from 450 to 300 people’s deputies. This was announced on January 29 by President Volodymyr Zelensky.
According to the press service of the country’s leader, Volodymyr Zelenskyy also expressed the hope that in the future there will be fewer elected representatives who quickly “change their shoes”..
“And in general, that there will be fewer deputies: not 450, but 300. This law, by the way, is next in line, we also promised this and must do it. By the way, for the number of deputies to become 300, 300 votes are needed, “he said..
“I wonder who will join the Servant of the People faction to make this decision possible?” – asked the Head of State and urged citizens to closely follow the roll-call vote for this law.
According to President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, the Law “On Democracy Through an All-Ukrainian Referendum” provides an opportunity for all citizens of Ukraine to make important decisions regarding the life of the country..
“If you noticed, then this is already a pattern: if society supports something, and politicians are against it, then they want to take something from politicians. This was the case when we abolished parliamentary immunity, and this is what happened now. For some, this is a disaster, because now important decisions will be made not by them, but by all citizens of Ukraine in a referendum, ”said the head of state..
He recalled that the adoption of the law on the referendum was among the points of his election program..
“We promised it – we did it. My congratulations to the people of Ukraine, my condolences to individual parties “, – said the leader of Ukraine.
First Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Ruslan Stefanchuk told reporters that “the number of referendums that can be held during the year is not limited. The holding of a referendum depends only on the initiative of the population, and not on the will of the President of Ukraine or the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine “.
According to him, according to the National News Agency “Ukrinform”, to initiate a referendum, an initiative group should be created..
“An all-Ukrainian referendum will be considered valid if at least 50% of voters included in the State Register of Voters have voted. This is a kind of safeguard against accidental votes, “Stefanchuk noted..
He stressed that the referendum is being held as ordinary elections: people will come to the polls and vote.
According to the sociological group “Rating”, which published the results of the survey in October 2020, more than 90 percent of Ukrainians support the idea of reducing the number of deputies of the Verkhovna Rada from 450 to 300 people. From 3 to 8 percent across the country do not support from those citizens who are ready to vote. The rating data was published on the organization’s website on October 25, 2020.
Referendum and manipulation
Political analyst Boris Kushniruk notes that referendums are used very carefully in the western world.
“People’s opinion was very often manipulated and used against the people,” Boris Kushniruk tells the Voice of America Russian Service correspondent..
When talking about legal issues, he believes that people do not always understand the benefits of a referendum or other initiatives. Boris Kushniruk notes that public opinion in general supports the reduction of parliament by one third, but citizens do not understand enough political and legal subtleties associated with this process..
“If we are talking about the creation of large-scale territorial districts, there will be fewer deputies, and the scale of the district is larger. To participate in such elections, a public activist needs more funds in order to simply physically go around the territory. The elections will be available to those who have money, ”says Boris Kushniruk.
He notes that the idea of reducing the number of MPs is similar to a populist game in the interests of oligarchs, who will find it easier to buy MPs..
But if we bring the issue of reducing the number of deputies to a referendum, Boris Kushniruk is sure that the people will vote for the reduction, not understanding the negative consequences.
According to the political scientist, director of GMT Group Anatoly Lutsenko, when populist promises are made in elections, they need to be played out in power.
“And there is no need for the Ukrainian people to put the referendum issues in order now. This is one of the few promises of Zelensky – to consult with the people, from his election program. In the opinion of most experts, the law looks difficult to apply, “Anatoly Lutsenko says to the correspondent of the Russian service of the Voice of America..
He notes that the development of democracy in European countries leads to the existence of effective mechanisms for polling public thought and reaction. For this, referendums are used, which bring up regional issues..
“Which road to build, to make additional payments or not – they do not consider issues of territorial integrity, or others,” Anatoly Lutsenko believes.
The idea of reducing the parliament of Ukraine by one third, according to him, does not greatly save budget funds..
“The 450-seat parliament is average by European standards. But if it is made bicameral – with an upper chamber, then three hundred people’s deputies can be left in the lower one, ”emphasizes Anatoly Lutsenko.