Among OSCE priorities is the settlement of the conflict in Donbass
Why Ukraine is trapped in endless conflict
The question of ending the war in Donbass – extremely important for Ukraine, President Zelensky said during a meeting with OSCE Head Anne Linde&# 160;
KIEV – Ukraine counts on motivating Russia to work constructively within the Trilateral Contact Group and on its reciprocity – on the issue of fulfilling their commitments undertaken at the Paris Summit «Normandy four». This was stated in Kiev by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmitry Kuleba during a joint press conference with the OSCE Chairman-in-Office, the Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs Ann Linde.
«Today we discussed in detail with Ms Linde the state of the settlement of the armed conflict. I sincerely shared my impressions and assessments of Ukraine and Russia’s behavior regarding Russia’s behavior in the Trilateral Contact Group. He emphasized that Ukraine has fulfilled its obligations undertaken at the summit of the leaders of the Normandy format in Paris, but we do not see reciprocity on the part of Russia. We hope that the Swedish chairmanship in the OSCE will play an important role in changing this situation for the better and motivating Russia to work constructively in the TCG», – said Dmitry Kuleba on January 19 during the online broadcast of the conference.
Ann Linde noted that the settlement of the conflict in Donbass is a priority for the OSCE.
«Especially, the mitigation of the situation that has developed for the civilian population living in areas affected by the conflict. Minister Kuleba and I agree that this situation requires constant attention», – stressed the OSCE Chair.
She welcomed the decrease in the number of shelling in Donbas since July 27, 2020.
«Thanks to this, the life of the local population has become more secure.», – Ann Linde stated and stated that she would contribute to the full implementation of the Minsk agreements.
President of Ukraine Vladimir Zelensky During a meeting with Ann Linde, he separately noted that it is necessary to actively raise the issue of returning the temporarily occupied Crimea. For this purpose, Ukraine initiated the creation of an international platform called «Crimean platform».
«It is very important for us to recognize that both Crimea and Donbass – it is Ukraine», – the President of Ukraine emphasized, according to his press service.
Volodymyr Zelenskyy believes that the issue of ending the war in Donbass is always discussed from the Ukrainian side at a high representative level, since it is extremely important for Ukraine..
Volodymyr Zelenskyy noted that Ukraine has fulfilled all the agreements reached at the meeting of leaders «Normandy four» in december 2019.
According to the press service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ukraine has become the first country that Ann Linde visits as the chair of the OSCE. Ann Linde plans to visit, together with Minister Dmytro Kuleba, the joint forces operation zone in Donbass, personally get acquainted with the activities of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine and the consequences of Russia’s armed aggression against Ukraine.
At the same time, «Russian newspaper» January 18 quotes the Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov, where he says that the responsibility for the lack of progress in the implementation of the Minsk agreements lies not only with Kiev, but also with Paris and Berlin, which cannot and do not want to influence the Ukrainian authorities.
«One can grieve for a long time about this, but the main reason is, I am convinced, in the inability or unwillingness of Berlin and Paris to force their wards in Kiev to stop undermining the Minsk agreements.», – noted the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry.
On January 12, Germany hosted a meeting of political advisers to the leaders of the participating states «Normandy format». According to the press service of the President of Ukraine, the discussion was not easy and was of a constructive nature. Consultations lasted more than six hours, advisors to leaders «Normandy four» discussed the status of implementation of the agreements reached by the leaders of Germany, France, Ukraine and Russia during the Paris summit in December 2019.
Ukraine initiative and shelling
According to a political expert Oleg Lisny, the world must understand that Russia – it is a country that does not want to make decisions in a situation to end the war in Donbass.
«Ukraine is demonstrating, for example, practical initiatives, opening a checkpoint in Zolote in Donbas or building a bridge. I personally was at the new checkpoint until the shelling began there. He worked for several hours, and Russia, by its actions, curtailed this initiative of Ukraine.», – says Oleg Lisny to the correspondent of the Russian Service «Voices of America».
According to Oleg Lisny, today Donbass – this is a confrontation between a nuclear and a non-nuclear state, and «motivate» Russia to work constructively within the framework of the Trilateral Contact Group can only be well-coordinated work of the international community.
«It would be worthwhile, of course, to involve countries such as the United States in the negotiations on Donbass, since in Donbas it is not a local conflict in the interests of the two countries. But I’m not sure that Russia will agree with this, with the possibility of expanding the negotiation format», – emphasizes Oleg Lisny.
About observational initiatives
Head of the Center for Policy Studies «Doctrine» Yaroslav Bozhko notes that the OSCE mission in Donbass in the context of conflict is more like «strictly observant initiative», which «can’t stand» serious management or advisory decisions.
«The reality of the settlement of the situation in the near future – doubtful, since the conflict in Donbass began due to the aggressive mood of Russia. We see that the Foreign Ministry from time to time tries to bring good news on the situation in the east of the country, but the reality is that the negotiation formats on Donbass have de facto exhausted themselves. In the current situation, only tougher sanctions against Russia can significantly change the state of affairs, to which, in turn, the collective West is unlikely to agree», – says Yaroslav Bozhko to the correspondent of the Russian Service «Voices of America».
The current situation in Donbass, he believes, will remain in conditions of some parity – Russia will not be ready to take steps forward, and Ukraine will have nothing to yield to.
«The issue of negotiations on Donbass has come to a problem point: Moscow is demonstrating a desire to include the clauses set forth in the Minsk Protocols into Ukrainian legislation, and Kiev cannot allow this to happen.», – said Yaroslav Bozhko.